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Web Glossary

Just in case there is a word your not sure about, here are the meanings behind the words.

Account name or Login name or Username is the unique short word assigned to identify a particular user of a network. Account names are used in email addresses and have a password associated with them to prevent unauthorized use in dialup or ftp applications.

Alias is one of possibly many email addresses for a mailbox. An alias essentially facilitates sorting of your mail to your various mailboxes. A default alias is a technique used to catch all mail to a domain that has not specifically been given an mailbox or alias email address.

Anonymous FTP allows you to grant access to certain files for any visitors without a password with the FTP protocol.

ASP or Active Server Pages is a language based on visual basic to make pages interactive.

Auto-responders are program robots that automatically reply to incoming email with a pre-written form letter.

Browser is an application that allows a user to "surf" the web and display html pages in human readable format.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface) is the glue behind web pages that allows forms and interactive pages to work. CGI is a formal specification that allows you to call programs from your web pages. Access to Perl, PHP, and the ASP scripting language is included with all our plans.

Disk Space is the physical space allocated on a server to hold your email, web pages, data and scripts

DNS (Domain Name System) is the protocol used for naming computers on the Internet. Networks are given domain names to identify them on the Internet.

Domain name is a unique hierarchical name for a computer network. For example host-one.net is a domain name, which may be composed of hosts www.host-one.net and ftp.host-one.net, which may be different computers. Since a domain name is usually a hostname, a domain name often refers to both a network and a specific computer within that network. A domain name is used to configure URL's and email addresses.

Domain registration is the process of creating a new domain name which allows you to maintain your personalized or corporate identity on the Internet. Most web hosting plans includes domain name registration and hosting of the form www.your-company.com under any TLD (top level domain) of your choice (subject to the rules of that TLD) including .com .net .org .com.au .org.au .co.nz .co.uk etc. Once a domain is registered it must be delegated to become visible to the Internet population.

Domain delegation is the process of making a domain visible to the Internet population by assigning authority for that domain to a particular computer that is configured as a DNS server. This service is provided by your IPP. If you change IPP's you will need to re-delegate your domain

Domain re-delegation is the process of moving the authority for a domain name to a new computer that is configured as a DNS server. These services are provided by IPP's.

Email is the electronic equivalent of the standard postal mail service. You can send most multimedia files and text through email. Email is not a real time service since email is spooled and sorted prior to being sent to a remote destination. To send files in real time use FTP. Many ISP's limit the size of email, so it is recommended that larger files are transmitted via FTP as well

Email address is the electronic equivalent to a postal address. An email address like name@some.domain.com, has three components, "name" is some persons account, the "@" symbol signifying "at" and a domain "some.domain.com" signifying the network that the user belongs to. A valid email address must have all these three components for email to be delivered correctly

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions is a document that answers just questions that are common to a subject.

FTP File Transfer Protocol, which is method of transferring files in real time between computers.

FTP access is provided on a 24/7 basis to maintain your pages. Develop your pages locally and once ready upload your pages using your favorite FTP client.

Hostname is a name for computer in the DNS. A hostname can also act as a domain name for a network. Sub domains can be added to the left part of hostname to refer to computers in that domain.

HTML Hypertext Markup Language is the underlying language used to define web pages which a browser will receive and convert to human readable format.

HTTP is Hyper Text Transfer Protocol as used by the World Wide Web.

HTTPS is the secure encrypted version of http used when transferring sensitive information.

IAP Internet Access Provider specifically refers to an ISP that is providing Internet connectivity.

IPP Internet Presence Provider is a company that specializes in providing web hosting and other related applications services.

ISP Internet Service Provider is a company that provides dialup access or connectivity to the internet and other Internet related services

Login name is an Account name or Username used to dialup up to an ISP. Login name and account name are used synonymously.

Mailbox is a place that receives electronic mail (email) and has an email address. Mailboxes usually have some disk space limit.

Network is a group of connected computers.

NIC (Network Information Center) is an organization usually commercial which has responsibility for management of a particular top level domain name (TLD) within which you can purchase registration of a domain name. NIC are responsible for delegation and re-delegation of domain names and that the correct authority is received for all transactions.

Perl is a very powerful interpreted programming language used to develop complex web sites. You can learn more about Perl at www.perl.com.

PHP is a server side embedded language used to develop interactive web pages. You can learn more about PHP at www.php.net

Raw Log file access is a log that updates at every data transfer from your web pages so you can monitor who is looking at your pages.

Search Engine is a service that actively indexes the web to allow users to find information.

SSI's Server Side Includes enable you to embed dynamic content in your web pages. SSI documents are parsed by the server before being sent to the client. You must use the file extension .shtml to use SSI's

SSL Secure Socket Layer which web servers use to encrypt forms such as payment details for secure transfer across the Internet. SSL is used as the https protocol.

Statistics are detailed consolidation and analysis of the raw log file data.

Subdomain is the left most part of a host name. For example given a name www.host-one.net. "www" is a subdomain of "host-one" which is a sub domain of "net". "net" in this case is a top level domain (TLD) , all host names must belong to a TLD. Parts of domain names are separated with a ".', meaning you can't use "." in hostnames.

TLD is the right most part of a domain name. Two letter TLD's like "au" for Australia, "uk" or United Kingdom etc, are predefined for all countries and the special tld's .com .net .org are predefined for the USA, although these can be used by anyone. TLD's are maintained by one or more NIC's which charge for the process of registering ie creating new domains within their TLD.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the naming standard used with browsers to locate files and computers and the protocols used to access them.

URI (Universal Resource Identifier) is a more general or generic term for URL.

Username refers to a Login or Account name. These are all used synonymously.

Web is shorthand for World Wide Web (WWW), generally refers to the collection of hyperlinked multimedia pages on the Internet.

Web hosting is the process of making html pages and related applications visible on the Internet's World Wide Web protocol using a web server.

Web server refers to software or a computer configured to run web hosting and deliver web pages and multimedia content across the Internet using the WWW protocol.

WWW (World Wide Web) is a collection of protocols used to display multimedia content in browsers. "www." is conventionally used as a prefix to a host name to specify that the computer is configured as a web server.